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Claude Monet Biography

A Claude Monet biography is one of the most sought after content online. This article is an online Claude Monet biography of the French painter who is regarded as the initiator, precursor, and proponent of the Impressionist style, Claude Monet was born to Adolphe and Louise Justine Monet on November 14, 1840, at 90 Rue Laffitte, in the 9th arrondissement of Paris. His parents were second-generation Parisians, but his family moved to Le Havre in Normandy in 1845; Monet was five at that time.

Not every Claude Monet biography will tell you, but did you know that he was christened as Oscar-Claude at the church of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. Monet spent his youth in Le Havre. His father was owner of grocery store, and his mother was a singer. His father wanted to put him into the family (grocery store) business however young Monet had artistic bent of mind. Monet joined the Le Havre secondary school of the arts on the first of April 1851.

Monet became locally known for his charcoal caricatures, which he sold for ten to twenty francs. He took his first drawing lessons from Jacques-Francois Ochard, a former student of Jacques-Louis David. His painting style was converted to landscape painting by his early mentor Eugène Boudin and fellow artist on the beaches of Normandy in about 1856/1857. Boudin taught him the use oil paints and “En Plein Air” (outdoor) techniques of painting.

Monet studied Paris at the Atelier Suisse in 1859. He made friend with Pissarro. He had two years' military service in Algiers. He came back to Le Havre and met Jongkind, to whom he said he owed `the definitive education of my eye'. He entered the studio of Gleyre in Paris in 1862. There he met Renoir, Sisley, and Bazille, with whom he formed the nucleus of the Impressionist group.

Monet took refuge in England with Pissarro during the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71). He studied the work of Constable and Turner, painted the Thames and London parks. He also met Durand-Ruel, who also did become one of the great champions of the Impressionists.

Monet lived at Argenteuil, a village on the Seine near Paris from 1871 to 1878. There he painted some of the remarkable and famous works of the Impressionist movement. He moved to Vétheuil in 1878, and settled at Giverny, on the Seine, about 40 miles from Paris, in 1883. He spent early phase in extreme poverty, but later began to flourish. He bought a house at Giverny in 1890 and married his mistress in 1892. Then he produced his best known works like Haystacks or Grainstacks (1890-91) and Rouen Cathedral (1891-95). He traveled widely, visiting London and Venice several times. He had a special studio built in the grounds of his house in 1917.

On December 5, 1926, Monet died of lung cancer at the age of 86. He was buried in the Giverny church cemetery. His famous home and garden with its water lily pond and bridge at Giverny are a popular tourist attraction. Shortly after the artist’s death, all of his paintings were placed in two oval rooms of the Musée de l’Orangerie in the Tuileries Gardens in 1927.

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